In an interview with the Real News Network, Edgardo Lander, author and professor of social sciences at the Universidad Central de Venezuela in Caracas, puts Venezuela’s current unrest in context by reviewing modern history- starting with his upbringing as a child of political exiles in 1948. Parts 1 and 2 of 4.
On 27 February 1989 protests begain in Caracas against the neoliberalism of then president Carlos Andres Perez. There were also some violent protests in other cities of the country. By the next day the government declared a curfew, then militarised the streets andpolice were responding with unprecedented violence.
By George Ciccariello-Maher – History Workshop Online, Oct 31st 2012
The dead of 1989 are not mere metaphor: concretely speaking, these corpses were between 300 and 3,000, most executed at close range in their homes as the Venezuelan armed forces fired an estimated four million bullets in an attempt to do the impossible, to put the genie back in the bottle, Pandora back in her box.
Yesterday Iris Varela of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) accused the Venezuelan opposition of trying to throw ‘a cloak of immunity’ over those who carried out massacres and torture during the era of the 4th Republic (1958-1998). Varela made the comments after members of the opposition tried to deride the proposed Law Against Silence and Forgetting, which was approved in first discussion by parliament yesterday.
Thousands of Venezuelans from all over the South American country took to the streets last Sunday to commemorate the 22nd anniversary of the seminal uprisings that marked the beginning of the end of neoliberalism in the now socialist nation.
President Chavez, and columnist Antonio Aponte examine the differences between the Caracazo uprising in 1989 and failed coup attempt in 1992, and the role of a vanguard in the current Venezuelan situation.
Following the recent elections, Saman argues that there are only two possible scenarios: a radicalisation of the revolution involving a profound change in the PSUV and struggling against bureaucracy, or a kind of reconciliation on the part of the revolution with the right wing, without any significant change.
Between 1989 and 1992 both Los Angeles and Caracas, two of the largest cities in the United States and Venezuela, experienced intense rioting followed by intense government repression. Today, in regards to politics and economics, both nations are heading in very different directions.