February 27th marked the 27th anniversary of the Caracazo. Here the author examines the deep roots of the uprising that saw "Venezuelan history split into two", overturning the oligarchic Fourth Republic and paving the way for the Bolivarian Revolution.
President Nicolas Maduro announced on Saturday that the Venezuelan state would pay reparations to 74 new families who were victims of the 1989 massacre perpetrated by state security forces, known as the "Caracazo".
Dozens gathered in the South Cemetery of Caracas on Friday to commemorate the 26th anniversary of the "Caracazo", the 1989 popular rebellion which saw Venezuela's poor and excluded majority rise up against the IMF structural adjustment package imposed by President Carlos Andres Perez.
In an interview illustrated with archival footage, Edgardo Lander, author and professor of social sciences at the Universidad Central de Venezuela in Caracas, continues to put Venezuela’s current unrest in context by reviewing modern history- moving now from 1908 to the beginnings of what would become the Bolivarian Revolution. Parts 2, 3, 4 & 5 of 9.
In an interview with the Real News Network, Edgardo Lander, author and professor of social sciences at the Universidad Central de Venezuela in Caracas, puts Venezuela’s current unrest in context by reviewing modern history- starting with his upbringing as a child of political exiles in 1948. Parts 1 and 2 of 4.
On 27 February 1989 protests begain in Caracas against the neoliberalism of then president Carlos Andres Perez. There were also some violent protests in other cities of the country. By the next day the government declared a curfew, then militarised the streets andpolice were responding with unprecedented violence.
By George Ciccariello-Maher – History Workshop Online, Oct 31st 2012
The dead of 1989 are not mere metaphor: concretely speaking, these corpses were between 300 and 3,000, most executed at close range in their homes as the Venezuelan armed forces fired an estimated four million bullets in an attempt to do the impossible, to put the genie back in the bottle, Pandora back in her box.