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21st Century Socialism

Venezuela After Chávez

President Nicolas Maduro together with Socialist Party Vice-President Diosdado Cabello (R) next to a portrait of Hugo Chávez. (

Professor Julia Buxton argues that the Bolivarian Revolution's weakness was its inability to institutionalize the radical popular energies it unleashed in a new order, a failing that has led to the present crisis. 

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Venezuela – A Last Warning

Imports dropped by 18.7% in 2015 due to collapsing oil prices, forcing Venezuelans to queue up for government-regulated goods or

Venezuela's crisis is the failure not of socialism but of reformist attempts to tame and humanize capitalism, argues Jorge Martin. 

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Lessons We Can Learn from the Electoral Setback in Venezuela

Anti-imperialist mural in Caracas.

Chicago ALBA Solidarity Committee activist Stan Smith reflects on the Bolivarian Revolution in the wake of December 6th parliamentary elections, which he observed firsthand as part of a delegation organized by Task Force on the Americas and School of the Americas Watch. 

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Setting the Record Straight on Venezuela

Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro next to a portrait of Hugo Chavez in February 2013. (Jorge Silva / Reuters)

The Bolivarian Revolution hasn’t been perfect, but it’s improved the lives of millions in the face of violent opposition.

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In Hard Times, Chavismo is Not Dead


In spite of the testing circumstances, a strong sector of Venezuelans have not turned their back Chavismo, citing the advances of the revolution and the necessity of pushing ahead to build real socialism. 

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Invite Chomsky but Take His Warning Seriously

Noam Chomsky (Reuters)

VA presents a response to recent comments by Noam Chomsky in which the Venezuelan activist Clodovaldo Hernandez takes linguists’ warnings about corruption seriously, and calls for a deepening of the revolutionary process in lieu of abandoning it to defeat.

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Iturriza vs. the "Young Communists": Political Responsibility and Leftist Critique in Venezuela

Graffiti in Mérida, Venezuela (Max Berman)

In yet another heated controversy on the chavista left, Venezuelan Culture Minister Reinaldo Iturriza mounts a critique of certain "young communists" for their leftwing attacks against the Bolivarian government. In response, one of the young communists accuses Iturriza of red-baiting in a bid to silence debate around the government's "reactionary economic adjustments". 

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Debate: “Goodbye to Chavismo”?

late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez Frías

Long time Venezuelan revolutionary Roland Denis's article "Goodbye to Chavismo" has ignited a firestorm on the Bolivarian left, spawning passionate debates concerning the future of Chavismo in the face of protracted economic war and corrupt bureaucratic state management. VA presents translations of the Denis article as well as a response by Luigino Bracci, arguing that the struggle continues within Chavismo for a revolutionary solution to the present crisis. 

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The Truth About Chávez

Supporters of late president Hugo Chávez. (AVN)

Responding to US Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders' dismissal of Hugo Chávez as a "dead communist dictator", the author argues that the late Venezuelan president's radical egalitarian program of participatory economics and protagonist democracy actually mirrors Sanders' own political proposals. 

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Between the Hammer and the Anvil: the Left, Latin America, and Venezuela

The leaders of Bolivia, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, from left to right. (Photo:

"Even so much as the force of this revolution is to be found in its promises, which are growing ever harder to fulfill, they remain as road maps for a common strategy between popular forces and the government.”

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