Caracas, November 5, 2007 (venezuelanalysis.com)-
Over a hundred thousand Venezuleans marched in support of President Chavez and of his
constitutional reform on Sunday, which Chavez described as the most important
referendum of his presidency.
almost all dressed in red - the color of Venezuela's Bolivarian movement -
filled the entire 1.3 km (0.8 mi) Bolivar
Avenue and spilled into side streets. The demonstration
proceeded without incident and culminated with a three hour speech by Chavez. During
the 8.5 km (5.3 mi) march, which passed through most of Caracas, rains poured down on marchers for
part of the time.
constitutional reform referendum, which will take place on December 2nd,
will be in two parts, where Chavez is urging his supporters to vote "Yes" in
both parts of the reform. If passed, the reform would revise 69 articles of Venezuela's
350-article constitution. Sunday's march marked the beginning of the "Yes"
Here begins another great battle to obtain another great victory, but we have to
fight in all parts of the country," said Chavez to the cheering crowd on Sunday.
"Every year will have a battle. The path of revolution is the path of a thousand
battles. We have managed to coincide with the path of a thousand battles the path
of a thousand victories," he added.
also said that this was the most important referendum of his presidency. "I
have no doubt that this is the most important of all the referenda that have taken
place, including the recall referendum of August 2004 and the one of December
1999 with which the current constitution was approved," said Chavez.
One of the
key challenges in this referendum, argued Chavez, is to overcome abstention. He
mentioned that in the recall referendum abstention was at 30% and during the
approval of the constitution it was at 53% of registered voters. "We have to
defeat abstention so that there is no doubt that the great majority of Venezuelans
approve of the constitutional reform." What is needed is a "resounding"
victory, according to Chavez.
his speech Chavez warned that the opposition will try to do anything to stop
the reform, including destabilizing the country. "I warn he leaders of the
opposition, who are going about playing with fire, invoking a military coup and
filling the streets with violence - I suggest to them that they forget about
this possibility because if they continue on this path they will regret it because
by no path will they be able to defeat us."
to opposition students who had rampaged down the same avenue where the
pro-reform march was taking place and set fire to several trees and a police
car, Chavez warned, "We won't allow these spoiled little brats, these rich kids
with a silver spoon in their mouths to go around tearing up the center of Caracas." He asked the
city mayor to closely examine permits for marches, in case the violence was
their main objective. One of the opposition's main goals, according to Chavez,
was a death that they can blame on the government.
international news channel CNN was another target during Chavez's speech, which
he accused of having joined the opposition because it was broadcasting
unverified reports about Chavez supporters supposedly killing an anti-Chavez
student during a demonstration last week. Police have already arrested the killer,
who was hired to assassinate the student due to a dispute within the university
that had nothing to do with the constitutional reform protests.
also said that the reform represents a historic break with the past and would
usher in 21st century socialism in Venezuela. "Although there still is
much to do, Caracas
already has a new face," he said. Also, by the year 2021, when Chavez says the
Bolivarian Revolution will be complete, "There will be no favelas [slums], but
a socialist and beautiful city."
reform, which changes 69 out of 350 articles of Venezuela's 1999 constitution, is
supposed to bring the country closer to 21st century socialism by
deepening grassroots or participatory democracy and by organizing the country's
state institutions more efficiently. Also, in one of the more controversial
changes, it would extend the president's term of office from six to seven years
and eliminate the two consecutive term limit on holding presidential office.
According to a recent opinion poll reported by Venezulea's
largest circulation paper Últimas
Noticias, 46.6% of Venezuelans believe that the reform is necessary, while
35.0% oppose it. Also, 72% of Venezuelans evaluate Chavez's job performance as
being good to excellent, versus 25% who evaluate it as being bad to terrible.