Summit of the Americas in ‘Danger’ as Caribbean States Threaten Boycott Over Cuba and Venezuela Exclusion

The Venezuelan government’s diplomacy throughout the world has won them allies who are resisting US hegemony.
Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel is seated next to Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro in front of a row of flags.
Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel listens to an intervention by Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro during the ALBA-TCP Summit.

Mexico City, Mexico, May 9, 2022 ( – The upcoming Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles is poised to become a diplomatic liability for US President Joe Biden as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) alliance threatened to boycott the event over efforts by the host nation to exclude Cuba and Venezuela from participating.

“The Summit of the Americas is in danger (…) If the United States insists on not inviting Cuba to this meeting, it will immediately cause 14 CARICOM countries not to attend,” said Antigua and Barbuda’s Ambassador to the US Ronald Sanders last month.

Sanders added that CARICOM members would also boycott should the US as host insist on inviting Venezuelan opposition figure Juan Guaidó in place of democratically elected President Nicolás Maduro.

In a virtual meeting with US Vice-President Kamala Harris, CARICOM Heads of Government insisted that “all countries” be invited to participate.

The Maduro government enjoys healthy relations with its Caribbean neighbors, which was bolstered by years of financial support by Venezuela through the PetroCaribe alliance that provided sales of oil to members on favorable terms. The program was suspended in 2018 as a result of a steep fall in Venezuela’s crude output but Maduro and Caribbean allies have vowed to resume it.

Earlier this month, US Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs Brian A. Nichols confirmed that President Biden would not extend an invitation to Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua.

After months of quiet diplomatic efforts by regional leaders to pressure Washington to ensure all countries are invited to participate in the Ninth Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles, Caracas’ allies have begun openly pressuring the Biden government to ensure the gathering is truly representative.

Washington’s decision to exclude certain countries has prompted a strong rebuke from other heads of state, including Mexico’s Andrés Manual López Obrador, who recently visited Cuba and met Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel as part of an official visit to the island.

While in Cuba, López Obrador reiterated his stance that no one should be excluded from the June summit, saying that he would once again pressure Biden to invite the leaders of Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua. On Monday, both the Mexican president and his Bolivian counterpart Luis Arce announced they would not attend the gathering if some countries were excluded, sending lower-level delegations instead.

US diplomacy in Latin America and the Caribbean has even drawn criticism from corners normally supportive of US foreign policy goals, with Chatham House’s Christopher Sabatini writing that Biden’s mishandling of the file could spell “the gravestone on U.S. influence in the region.”

Venezuela for its part has continued to engage in its diplomacy efforts, with Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla visiting Caracas on Thursday for a bilateral working meeting with President Maduro to strengthen the two countries’ longstanding alliance. Cooperation agreements were likewise the focus when Venezuela’s Vice President Delcy Rodríguez hosted Cuban Prime Minister Manuel Marrero on Monday.

The Maduro government expressed solidarity with the Cuban people in light of the explosion at the Hotel Saratoga in Havana left at least 30 dead. Cuban President Díaz-Canel ruled out that the explosion of the recently restored hotel was the result of a deliberate attack.

Meanwhile, Venezuelan Foreign Minister Felix Plasencia recently traveled to Bolivia where he met with President Lucho Arce. Right-wing organizations in the South American countries have similarly called on the US to exclude Bolivia from the upcoming summit.

Venezuela’s diplomatic engagements in recent weeks likewise included talks with Iran, hosting Oil Minister Javad Owji in Caracas to discuss the bilateral relationship with special emphasis on energy cooperation.

Iran, a major oil producer, and Venezuela, home to the world’s largest proven oil reserves, have both been slapped with sanctions by the White House in recent years. Tehran’s assistance has played an important role in efforts to recover production in the Venezuelan oil industry as well as address fuel shortages.

Owji’s visit to Venezuela came just weeks after a high-level US delegation held talks with President Maduro in Caracas.

This article was updated on 11-05-2022 to include a reference to a second bilateral meeting between Cuba and Venezuela as well as note about the Mexican and Bolivian presidents’ potential boycott of the summit.

Edited by Ricardo Vaz in Caracas.