From July 11-21, 2008, 16 youth from all around the U.S. participated in a trip to Venezuela with the Alberto Lovera Bolivarian Circle of New York. The primary purpose of the trip was for the delegation to visit Venezuelan communities and see the impact of the Bolivarian Revolution.
One judge of the revolutionary process ongoing in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is how far it reaches. To understand how deep the process is, how far and wide-reaching the aspirations of the Venezuelan people are, one needs to look in remote areas long neglected before the revolution began. One needs to seek out a little town called Chuao.
Chuao is not easily accessible. It is surrounded by mountains and rainforests to the south, part of Rancho Grande and Henri Pittier National Park, and by the Caribbean Sea to the north. To get to Chuao, one has to traverse mountains, pass through dense rainforests or go by boat from the beach of Puerto Colombia.
Part of the state of Aragua, located in the north-central region of the Bolivarian Republic, Chuao is a fishing village known for producing world-famous cocoa beans. According to UNESCO, Chuao has been continually inhabited since the 16th century. The population now is primarily Afro-Venezuelan, whose descendents were brought from Africa as chattel slaves by the Spanish colonizers.
Many tourists flock to Chuao now, as it is just across the bay from Puerto Colombia, has a large Afro-Venezuelan population and a distinct culture, and is renowned for its cacao cultivation, with beans that come from pods that look like huge fruit. However, before the Bolivarian process, Chuao was in extreme disrepair. The people lived in near isolation, as access to the rest of the country was tenuous, and they also lived in severe poverty. The roads were not paved; the septic system inadequate, leading to many illnesses; and the communally built homes were crumbling. The people of Chuao had no access to health care. They assert that they survived by practicing a “primitive” form of socialism.
Their primary means of subsistence, fishing, was threatened because of bottom-trawling, a commercial fishing method in which a huge net is dragged along the ocean floor, destroying the seabed, killing coral, displacing boulders and removing seaweed.
According to the April 28 issue of Venezuela Analysis, “Restrictions were placed on trawling with the Enabling Law in 2001, forcing the commercial fishing companies to only use the method in deeper waters, thus benefiting local fisherman.” The practice has now been completely outlawed under the new Law of Fishing and Agriculture, passed in March.
President Hugo Chavez said of the new law, “We have approved the law prohibiting trawling because we decided that what we had done was not enough. … We will help [commercial fishers] convert over to traditional fishing methods.”
Because of the conditions imposed upon the people of Chuao—conditions that go all the way back to colonization, slavery and neglect by successive governments—the people of Chuao had begun to leave, putting the town and its culture in danger.
But now the roads in Chuao are paved, as part of an ongoing process to revitalize the town for its original inhabitants. The septic system has been rebuilt. Houses have been rebuilt, and there is now a health clinic that provides free medical care. A new facility was built for the fishermen so that fish can now be frozen and stored, and the government has leased the people of Chuao boats at 1 percent interest to be paid over 25 years.
The cacao plantation is now in the hands of a co-operative of 130 people. Cooperatives can be entered into at anytime, and people entering can leave of their own will and take back their initial investment. The government issues loans and provides training and advice so that the co-ops can be productive for the members and the rest of society.
On his show “Alo Presidente,” which was filmed from the beach of Chuao in April, President Chavez remarked on the increased production of cocoa beans there. Production went from 5,000 kilograms in 2005 to 20,000 in 2007. “The production quadrupled, a growth of 300 percent, and that’s going to continue to go up,” he said. (Venezuela Analysis, April 28)
Chavez also announced that a processing plant is being built in Aragua, so that instead of cocoa beans being shipped to foreign processing plants—where 60 percent of the beans harvested in the Bolivarian Republic currently go—they can be processed by the people of Venezuela to the benefit of the same people.
Because its infrastructure is being rebuilt, Chuao and its 1,500 inhabitants can now flourish. Whether they stay or leave, the decision does not have to be made because of poverty and neglect. The unique culture—including the feast of Corpus Christi where dancers dressed in costumes and devil masks dance to drum rhythms—can continue, thrive and develop alongside the material changes.