Plan Colombia: The Real Destabilizing Force in South America

In surveying US press coverage of the recent tensions
between Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela one might come to the conclusion that
Colombia has become the victim of the wrath of its' evil next door neighbor,
Hugo Chavez.

By Carlos Martinez - Global Exchange Venezuela Program
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In surveying US press coverage of the recent tensions
between Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela one might come to the conclusion that
Colombia has become the victim of the wrath of its' evil next door neighbor,
Hugo Chavez. Once again, the media spin machine has been turned against
Venezuela, bypassing a contextual analysis of the situation for a simplistic
story line. With headlines such as, "Chavez Picks a New Fight" (Business
Week March 4, 2008) the story perpetuates the US government's claims that Venezuela
is a destabilizing force in the region while ignoring the alarming actions
perpetrated by the Colombian government.

While Chavez has certainly made it easy for international attention to be
focused on his actions, the lack of coverage on the response of other South
American presidents is disconcerting. The most egregious example of this
blind spot is with Ecuador itself, the country whose territory was trespassed
in Colombia's attacks. The protests raised by Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa
have been sorely under reported in comparison to Chavez's response, potentially
leaving one with the impression that Ecuador does not consider Colombia's
actions to be of major concern.

Nor is it being acknowledged that this is not the first time Ecuador has
suffered the negative consequences of Colombia's war on "narco-terrorism" as
articulated through Plan Colombia. For years the northern region of
Ecuador has been subject to tremendous contamination of legal crops, animals,
and whole communities as a result of aerial herbicide spraying of coca crops in

A statement published by White House spokesperson Gordon Johndroe maintains that
Venezuela is simply over reacting to a legitimate operation. "This is an
odd reaction by Venezuela to Colombia's efforts against the FARC, a terrorist
organization that continues to hold Colombians, Americans and others hostage."

A quick review of responses from other countries would in fact show that the US
government's assessment is deeply flawed and out of step with international
opinion. President of Chile, Michelle Bachelet, proclaimed, "A situation
of this nature undoubtedly warrants an explanation from Colombia to the people
of Ecuador, the President of Ecuador and the rest of the region". The
governments of Paraguay, Peru, and Argentina have all released similar
statements of disapproval with Colombia's actions.

Meanwhile, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner expressed despair at the
killing of his government's primary contact in negotiating the release of
former Colombian presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt, who also holds
French nationality. Referring to the killing of FARC second-in-command
Raul Reyes, he asserted, "It is bad news that the man we were talking to,
with whom we had contacts, has been killed."

While some press in the United States question whether Chavez is using this
situation as an opportunity to distract Venezuelans from their social problems,
this excessive focus on him is in fact distracting people in the US from having
a much needed dialogue on their own governments' role in fomenting this
so-called "Andean Crisis". As a result, the tough realities and repercussions
from the US government's support for a military solution in Colombia are being

Emboldened and armed with the multibillion dollar support of Plan Colombia, the
Uribe government has decided to violate international law rather than attempting
mediated discussions with the FARC. This is simply the latest controversy to
discredit Colombia, already renowned for having the greatest number of human
rights violations and politically motivated murders per year in the Western

This is an important time to consider the consequences of the United States'
blanket support for the Colombian government's militarism and the destabilizing
effect this is clearly creating, not simply to talk about Chavez.

[Carlos Martinez is the Caracas based coordinator of the Global Exchange Venezuela Program.]

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