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21st Century Socialism

Invite Chomsky but Take His Warning Seriously

Noam Chomsky (Reuters)

VA presents a response to recent comments by Noam Chomsky in which the Venezuelan activist Clodovaldo Hernandez takes linguists’ warnings about corruption seriously, and calls for a deepening of the revolutionary process in lieu of abandoning it to defeat.

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Iturriza vs. the "Young Communists": Political Responsibility and Leftist Critique in Venezuela

Graffiti in Mérida, Venezuela (Max Berman)

In yet another heated controversy on the chavista left, Venezuelan Culture Minister Reinaldo Iturriza mounts a critique of certain "young communists" for their leftwing attacks against the Bolivarian government. In response, one of the young communists accuses Iturriza of red-baiting in a bid to silence debate around the government's "reactionary economic adjustments". 

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Debate: “Goodbye to Chavismo”?

late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez Frías

Long time Venezuelan revolutionary Roland Denis's article "Goodbye to Chavismo" has ignited a firestorm on the Bolivarian left, spawning passionate debates concerning the future of Chavismo in the face of protracted economic war and corrupt bureaucratic state management. VA presents translations of the Denis article as well as a response by Luigino Bracci, arguing that the struggle continues within Chavismo for a revolutionary solution to the present crisis. 

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The Truth About Chávez

Supporters of late president Hugo Chávez. (AVN)

Responding to US Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders' dismissal of Hugo Chávez as a "dead communist dictator", the author argues that the late Venezuelan president's radical egalitarian program of participatory economics and protagonist democracy actually mirrors Sanders' own political proposals. 

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Between the Hammer and the Anvil: the Left, Latin America, and Venezuela

The leaders of Bolivia, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, from left to right. (Photo:

"Even so much as the force of this revolution is to be found in its promises, which are growing ever harder to fulfill, they remain as road maps for a common strategy between popular forces and the government.”

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Chavista Theory of Transition Towards the Communal State

Newly elected President Maduro in 2013. 
(Demotix/ Filippo Florini).

The challenge of the Bolivarian revolution in Venezuela today is to advance towards a communal state in the context of the ongoing reproduction of speculative capitalism.

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A Marxist Analysis of the Currency Exchange Controls in Venezuela


The author argues that the current foreign exchange control regime has failed to prevent transnational and domestic capital from taking its profits out of the country and that no government policy, no matter how conciliatory towards business, will attract investment in Venezuela as long as the Revolution continues. Only the expropriation of the bourgeois-controlled means of production– the "completion of the revolution"– will solve the present crisis. 

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Roland Denis: "Chavez Didn't Dare to Do What He Had to Between 2002 and 2003”

Longtime Venezuelan revolutionary, Roland Denis (Aporrea)

In a critical interview, longtime Venezuelan anarchist revolutionary, Roland Denis, gives his perspective on the present condition of the Bolivarian revolution, judging it to be at a critical conjuncture.

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Victor Alvarez: “Venezuela’s Currency Controls Are No Longer Justified, and Are Only Used as a Means of Political Domination”

Victor Alvarez (

Leftist economist and former high-ranking government official Victor Alvarez offers a critical perspective on state economic policy under the Bolivarian Revolution, arguing that it has perpetuated a neo-rentier logic via exchange controls and other measures that must be abandoned for socialism to advance.

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Podemos’s Latin American Roots

Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias (right) and Bolivian Vice President Álvaro García Linera last fall. (Jacobin/ courtesy)

Podemos has gained traction by drawing on lessons from the Latin American left.

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