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21st Century Socialism

The Truth About Chávez

Supporters of late president Hugo Chávez. (AVN)

Responding to US Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders' dismissal of Hugo Chávez as a "dead communist dictator", the author argues that the late Venezuelan president's radical egalitarian program of participatory economics and protagonist democracy actually mirrors Sanders' own political proposals. 

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Between the Hammer and the Anvil: the Left, Latin America, and Venezuela

The leaders of Bolivia, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, from left to right. (Photo:

"Even so much as the force of this revolution is to be found in its promises, which are growing ever harder to fulfill, they remain as road maps for a common strategy between popular forces and the government.”

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Chavista Theory of Transition Towards the Communal State

Newly elected President Maduro in 2013. 
(Demotix/ Filippo Florini).

The challenge of the Bolivarian revolution in Venezuela today is to advance towards a communal state in the context of the ongoing reproduction of speculative capitalism.

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A Marxist Analysis of the Currency Exchange Controls in Venezuela


The author argues that the current foreign exchange control regime has failed to prevent transnational and domestic capital from taking its profits out of the country and that no government policy, no matter how conciliatory towards business, will attract investment in Venezuela as long as the Revolution continues. Only the expropriation of the bourgeois-controlled means of production– the "completion of the revolution"– will solve the present crisis. 

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Roland Denis: "Chavez Didn't Dare to Do What He Had to Between 2002 and 2003”

Longtime Venezuelan revolutionary, Roland Denis (Aporrea)

In a critical interview, longtime Venezuelan anarchist revolutionary, Roland Denis, gives his perspective on the present condition of the Bolivarian revolution, judging it to be at a critical conjuncture.

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Victor Alvarez: “Venezuela’s Currency Controls Are No Longer Justified, and Are Only Used as a Means of Political Domination”

Victor Alvarez (

Leftist economist and former high-ranking government official Victor Alvarez offers a critical perspective on state economic policy under the Bolivarian Revolution, arguing that it has perpetuated a neo-rentier logic via exchange controls and other measures that must be abandoned for socialism to advance.

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Podemos’s Latin American Roots

Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias (right) and Bolivian Vice President Álvaro García Linera last fall. (Jacobin/ courtesy)

Podemos has gained traction by drawing on lessons from the Latin American left.

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A Once and Future Revolution The Legacy of Hugo Chávez

For the first time in Venezuelan history a man from the country's poor, black and brown majority came to power and sought t

Task Force on the Americas President discusses how Hugo Chávez's revolutionary synthesis of popular Christianity, Bolivarianism, and socialism became the basis for an emancipatory that transformed the lives of the poor and excluded majority of Venezuela. 

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Venezuela: Answer Coups and Economic Sabotage with a Revolutionary Offensive

The Venezuelan masses must launch a revolutionary offensive, says the author. (Credit: AVN)

The Marxist Tendency of  the PSUV argues that the current crisis cannot be resolved by making concessions to the bourgeoisie and that the only solution is a revolutionary offensive that places the means of production under workers' control and thoroughly revolutionizes the armed forces.  

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Venezuela: Heinz Dieterich the Prophet of Doom – Or how not to save the Bolivarian Revolution

Maduro during the April 2013 elections (In Defence of Marxism)

Alan Woods responds to an article published by Heinz Dieterich on the Venezuelan leftwing website Aporrea, in which the German academic claims that 2015 will be the Maduro government´s last year in office.

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